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Baggott's Mill or New Mill

Revd H W Rous Birch - The Mill, which opens for business this year, is the third of Southwold's wind-powered flour mills and is known as 'New Mill'. It has been built on the edge of what was then called Church Green or St Edmund's Green by Southwold's 'Perpetual Curate' who apparently intends to run it as a commercial enterprise, much to the townsfolk's disgust. There is a snatch of folk verse going the rounds which runs:

Who gives to angry passion vent
And built a mill to grind dissent
Showing thereby his mal-intent?
Our Parson.

For more about Revd Birch, see No 81 High Street

The first miller who hires it from Revd Birch is Mr R G Turner from Wangford. (M)

Read Crisp takes over as Miller but leaves in 1850, before his contractual term is up, to become a bookseller in Beccles.(M)

A Mr Boyden takes over the mill for the one-year unexpired tenancy left by Read Crisp. He leaves in June 1851 (M) and, for four years the mill stands unoccupied and, apparently, un-cared for.

William Baggott leases the mill from Revd Birch. From this date, it becomes known as 'Baggott's Mill'. However, 53-year-old William Baggott is not a miller. He is a farmer and entrepreneur. Back in 1847 he took a lease on a brick kiln on the N E outskirts of the town together with the farmland owned by the Town. In 1850 he bought several properties on South Green. By 1851 he was describing himself in the Census as a "Farmer of 59 acres employing 8 labourers".and ten years later as "Farmer and Brickmaker". As soon as he acquires the mill, he sub-lets it to Amos Barber an experienced journeyman miller from Walberswick.

Genealogical note: William Baggott is married to Susan and they have two daughters, Adelia and Emma, and and two sons, the eldest of whom is Frederick. (C1851, C1861, M, deeds). Adelia Baggott is married to Thomas Naunton and their daughter, Ellen Sophia will one day marry Francis Charles Goffin, butcher of No 21 High Street.. Ellen & Francis have 8 Children, the penultimate being George Henry Goffin who runs the Manor Farm Dairy at No 53a High Street from the 1930s to 1960s

A December storm wreaks considerable damage. (A news cutting in James Maggs' diary reports 'During the gales along the coast the sails of Mr Baggott's mill fell off owing to want of repair').

By now the mill's ownership has passed to the Revd Birch's son, Augustus Frederick Birch who this year sells it on to its erstwhile tenant William Baggott along with the surrounding land. The cost is £120. (deeds)

William Baggott dies on 1st July aged 68. His will stipulates that the mill should pass down first to his eldest son Frederick Baggott and thence to his eldest grandson, William Frederick. William has also ensured that it should remain at the disposal of his widow, Susan for her lifetime. However, only a year or two afterwards (between 1872 and 1877, Frederick also dies, leaving his widow Amy, and the property passes into the ownership of William Frederick who is in his early twenties.

In the meantime, the condition of Baggott's mill steadily deteriorates and in...

a fire destroys Baggott's Mill. A news cutting in James Maggs' diary, dated Feb 2nd 1876, notes: "Fire at Baggott's Mill, recently hired by C M Marsden but unoccupied at present. Mr Marsden is believed to be insured."

Miller Charles Marsden has had bad luck with his mills. In 1856 he hired the Town Mill which sustained considerable fire damage seven years later in a November Gale. (M)

Young farmer, William Frederick, with the support of his Grandmother, Susan, has now had two semi-detached cottages - Victoria Cottages - built on the site, paid for with a mortgage of £160.

William Frederick Baggott dies intestate at the age of only 31, leaving a widow, Ann (nee Snelling - see comment in forum below), two daughters, Edith and Alice, and a three-year-old son, William Henry.

Between 1886 and 1896 there were numerous transfers of mortgage on the properties.

William Henry Baggott - now aged 23 and a carpenter, is still living at No 24 with his mother, Ann and his two sisters. Their other cottage, No 25 appears to be unoccupied (C1901). The family are finding it hard to service their mortgage debt and interest arrears are owing to a Mr C J Dennison, an Essex baker. William negotiates a further deal with Dennison which, ominously, ups the capital amount owing to £100.

William Henry Baggott - carpenter, and his family now face the further threat of reposession having again fallen behind with their mortgage repayments to Mr Dennison. They are 'rescued' by a Mr Samuel Charles Hotson of Stradbroke Road, a gentleman of independent means, who agrees to take over the Baggott mortgage, to add a further £36-9/4d to it at 5% annual interest

William Henry Baggott - 'Bolderston & Baggott', Bakers. William, at 29, is now married and has given up carpentry and become a baker and confectioner at No 14 Queen Street where he lives and works with his wife Marie who helps in the business as well as looking after their three young children. (C1911, mortgage indentures). However, the official address of the business and the one where the baking itself takes place, is the family home at 24-25 St Edmund's Green. The name 'Bolderston' is the married name of William's sister, Edith. Neither she nor her husband Charles Bolderston seem to play a practical role in the bakery business, however., He is described in the 1911 Census as a 'general labourer' while she is a dressmaker. They live at no 24 with Ann Baggott while the bakery address is advertised at No 25.


William Henry Baggott - Baker, and his mother, Ann, take out a further mortgage of fifty pounds on Victoria Cottages with Mr S C Hotson. They are now up-to-date with interest payments and the new mortgage is at a reduced interest rate of 4.5%.

However, a year later, Ann sells number 25 to reduce their overall indebtedness..



Ann Baggott dies



William Henry Baggott, now aged 71 sells no 24, ending 95 years of Baggott occupation. The purchaser, appropriately, is Miss Winnie Olive Newson of that other renowned bakery family at No 8 Victoria Street.

We are grateful to the current freeholder of No 24, Jane Haward, for permitting us extensive access to the deeds and indentures relating to this address from the mid 19th century.









Do you have any memories or records about this address? Can you correct any of our information or fill in any of our blanks? If so, please email Barry Tolfree
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BSD - Bernard Segrave-Daly
BCS = Bygones & Characters of Southwold by Barrett Jenkins
C = Census
CP = Cinema Programme 1958
CSP = Coronation Souvenir Programme 1953
G = Gales Trade Directory
GRO = General Register Office
K = Kelly's Directory
LM = Local memory
M = James Maggs' Southwold Diary 1818-1876
MCG = Methodist Church Guide 1930
NA = National Archives
PP = Pantomime Programme 1933
PLR = Petrol Licence Records

POD = Post Office Directory
PPP = Pier Pavilion Programme 1924, 1926
RCE = Rotary Club Exhibition 1969
SCM = Southwold Catholic Magazine 1923
SCTG = Southwold Corporation Tourist Guide
SER = Southwold Electoral Register
SFP = Southwold Scouts Fete Programme 1947
SG = Southwold Guide
SGCH = Southwold Golf Club Handbook
SLHR = Southwold Local History Recorder 1980s 1990s (Mrs R. McDermot)
SMHS = Southwold Museum & Historical Society

SN = Southwold & Neighbourhood 1903
SPM = Southwold Parish Magazine 1895 -1954
SR = Southwold Recorder 1927, 1932, 1934, 1935
SRB = Southwold Rate Book
SRT = Southwold Railway Timetable 1915
SSAS = Southwold Sea Angling Society Handbook 1909
SST = Southwold Summer Theatre Programmes
SSW = Southwold Shopping Week Programme, June/July 1922
STG = Southwold Town Guide 1930
SVL = Southwold Visitors List 1907, 1930
SVCP = Southwold Victory Celebration Programme 1946
SWCG = Southwold Wesleyan Church Guide

TTR = 'The Town Revisited' - Portraits of Southwold by Stephen Wolfenden 2000
TTT = ''To The Town' - Portraits of Southwold by Stephen Wolfenden 1988
W = White’s History, Gazetteer and Directory of Suffolk 1874

Note on dates
Unless otherwise stated, dates given do not indicate the years in which the business started or finished but those for which there is firm evidence that it was trading at this address. Sources in brackets; key at bottom of page.

Nos 24 - 25 Field Stile Road

Victoria Cottages - Nos 24 - 25 Field Stile Road, built on the site of the Baggott windmill.

Baggott's Mill

Baggott's Mill - Courtesy of Jane Haward.
Click picture to enlarge

Bolderston & Baggott's Bread Cart at about the turn of the century

The Bolderston & Baggott delivery cart, probably around 1908. The address advertised on the side of the cart is 'St Edmund's Green'. The name 'Field Stile' was still confined to the easternmost stretch.

Photo reproduced from the Then & Now pages of www.IceniPost.com, courtesy of its Editor.

Click image to enlarge

Blyth Terrace and Victoria Cottages in 1893

A small section of a panoramic photo taken from the top of the lighthouse in 1893 soon after it opened. The two semi-detached houses on the right of the picture are Victoria Cottages where Baggott's Mill once stood.

Southwold Museum P2794 - 2

Click picture to enlarge