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No 65 High Street - The Manor House

Before the present Georgian house was built this was the site of 'The Home Maltings', owned by the Crisp family. The building faced south, ie at right-angles to the street, onto the maltings yard which roughly covered the site now occupied by the URC Church. The Crisp family home was just south of this on the site of today's Barclay's Bank at No 67 High Street. The facility appears to have continued here until 1750 when the current house was built. The Crisp family continued their brewing activities, however. John Crisp ran the Home Maltings (presumably on a reduced scale following the building of the Manor House and, in 1825, his brother, William Crisp bought the Southwold Brewery on East Green from Thomas Bokenham and proceeded to rebuild it. This may have marked the end of the Home Maltings operation for, in 1832, the one-time maltings yard was handed over to William's son, Thomas Crisp, a Dissenting Minister, as the site for his new church. William became Southwold's first Mayor in 1836 and also held the lease on the Town Mill until his death in 1844 at which time he was alledgedly close to bankruptcy. Auctioneer James Maggs records the sale of the Crisp estate in his diary:

"1844 April 11th - Sale by Auction of the Brewery - Maltings - Granaries - Shipping - Residence - Building ground and Lodging House the property of Mr Wm Crisp - dec Feb 23 1844 ag 59."

The Victoria Street brewery and High Street maltings were bought (although possibly not financed) for £410 by John Banham Woodley who wanted it for his nephew, William Matthew Woodley and the latter's business partner Samuel Gayfer, a coal merchant and miller from Walberswick. The Woodley name is memorialised to this day in the name of the alleyway, Woodleys Yard, which ran between the brewer's house and the site of the Home Maltings. It is not, however, clear where the maltings now were as their original site was now entirely built on. Note: see Forum correspondent's (robtlb) comments below which throws doubt on some of these details.

William Woodley and Samuel Gayfer traded as Gayfer & Woodley, Brewers for about five years until 1851 when the partnership was dissolved and Matthew Woodley and his family moved to London. Samuel Gayfer now took over the Southwold Brewery operations on his own account. Not for long, though: Samuel died three years later in 1854. His son, George Eworthy Gayfer, took over but drowned six years later. Then came Samuel Haiden Fitch and his partner, JDE Eastaugh who ran Southwold's brewery operations until 1872 when George and Ernest Adnams took over. The brewery became a Limited Company, Adnams & Co Ltd, in 1890.

(The above account has been assembled from several, not always consistent sources including the 1841, 1851 and 1861 Census records; 'The Southwold Diary of James Maggs', ed: Alan Bottomley, Reprinted 2007 for the Suffolk Records Society; A chapter by Bernard Segrave-Daly in 'Southwold: Portraits of an English Seaside Town', ed:.Rebecca & Stephen Clegg, Pub: Phillimore 1999; 'The Brewing Industry: a Guide to Historical Records', Lesley Richmond and Alison Turton, 1990, Pub: Manchester University Press; 'Southwold Street Names: A speculative History', Jenny Hursell, Pub: The Southwold Press, 2011. With thanks to Gavin Richards and 'robtlb' for their forum contributions below.)


The Manor House, as it is now called, was built for John May, the owner of the Southwold Salt Works, this Grade II Listed Building remained in the May family until 1814 when John's son, Robert May, was declared bankrupt.


Frances Mary Norton (nee Blois) - 40 year old widow of Revd Eardley Norton, Vicar of Walberswick, is living here at the time of the 1841 census with her four children

James Crimmen - the then owner, builds and equips a small Roman Catholic chapel as a rear extension to that part of the house where the annexe 'Manor Gate' now stands. The chapel is for the use of local worshippers. He calls it 'St Peter's Oratory'. James, 57, is a wine and sprit dealer. (C1891. 1901)

Note: In 1890, James Crimmen purchased the plot on which Strathmore House was about to be built (No 26 North Parade) for £140. (Source: research by Margaret Stacey).

Dr Alfred W C Herbert and Dr Basil Hubert Howard Tripp. Medical Practitioners. This year Dr Herbert leaves Southwold and sells his share in the partnership to Dr Tripp. (Source BMJ Feb 6 1909)

Dr Basil Hubert Howard Tripp MRCS Lond, LRCP Lond - Physician and Surgeon, Medical Officer of Health to the Corporation. (K1908)

Dr Tripp and his fellow Medical Officer of Health, Dr Richard Wilson Mullock become involved in a celebrated libel action brought by another doctor. For details see No 47 High Street


Dr Basil Hubert Howard Tripp (C1911). The Census record describes him as 'Doctor and Medical Man'. He lives with his wife, Hilda Mary, a cook and a housekeeper.










Do you have any memories or records about this address? Can you correct any of our information or fill in any of our blanks? If so, please email Barry Tolfree
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BSD - Bernard Segrave-Daly
BCS = Bygones & Characters of Southwold by Barrett Jenkins
C = Census
CP = Cinema Programme 1958
CSP = Coronation Souvenir Programme 1953
G = Gales Trade Directory
GRO = General Register Office
K = Kelly's Directory
LM = Local memory
M = James Maggs' Southwold Diary 1818-1876
MCG = Methodist Church Guide 1930
NA = National Archives
PP = Pantomime Programme 1933
PLR = Petrol Licence Records

POD = Post Office Directory
PPP = Pier Pavilion Programme 1924, 1926
RCE = Rotary Club Exhibition 1969
SCM = Southwold Catholic Magazine 1923
SCTG = Southwold Corporation Tourist Guide
SER = Southwold Electoral Register
SFP = Southwold Scouts Fete Programme 1947
SG = Southwold Guide
SGCH = Southwold Golf Club Handbook
SLHR = Southwold Local History Recorder 1980s 1990s (Mrs R. McDermot)
SMHS = Southwold Museum & Historical Society

SN = Southwold & Neighbourhood 1903
SPM = Southwold Parish Magazine 1895 -1954
SR = Southwold Recorder 1927, 1932, 1934, 1935
SRB = Southwold Rate Book
SRT = Southwold Railway Timetable 1915
SSAS = Southwold Sea Angling Society Handbook 1909
SST = Southwold Summer Theatre Programmes
SSW = Southwold Shopping Week Programme, June/July 1922
STG = Southwold Town Guide 1930
SVL = Southwold Visitors List 1907, 1930
SVCP = Southwold Victory Celebration Programme 1946
SWCG = Southwold Wesleyan Church Guide

TTR = 'The Town Revisited' - Portraits of Southwold by Stephen Wolfenden 2000
TTT = ''To The Town' - Portraits of Southwold by Stephen Wolfenden 1988
W = White’s History, Gazetteer and Directory of Suffolk 1874

Note on dates
Unless otherwise stated, dates given do not indicate the years in which the business started or finished but those for which there is firm evidence that it was trading at this address. Sources in brackets; key at bottom of page.

William Crisp., first Mayor of Southwold in 1836, following the Municipal Corporation Act .
Reproduced from 'Bygones and Local Characters of Southwold' by Barrett Jenkins, with the kind permission of his daughter, Ann Thornton.